A discussion of the change of the role of political parties

Discussion is structured according to the three main approaches to political representation that can be identified in the literature: General theories of representation Issues discussed under general theories of representation include the influential work of Anne Phillips in the Politics of Presence.

Importance of political parties essay

Indeed, on several occasions he voted with the Opposition on indigenous issues and became increasingly radical and outspoken on indigenous rights. In exercise of the powers under this enabling provision Tanzania enacted the Political Parties Act Introduction Hundreds of women demonstrated their support outside the Indian Parliament for a Bill that would require that one-third of all seats in regional State assemblies and the lower house of the national parliament be reserved for women. The presence of particular groups who have been previously excluded in parliaments is important for getting their perspective into the chamber, requiring others to internalise their point of view and hence change the nature of how the 'others' think. The end being the improvement of the quality of governance. Caucuses are a form of town hall meeting at which voters in a precinct get together to voice their preferences, rather than voting individually throughout the day. One of my colleagues said to me: 'After a few weeks, oh, you'll be fine, Chika, you'll be one of the blokes'.

There are specific conditions prescribed by the Act which are to be fulfilled in each stage of registration. The organization has to obtain not less than members who are qualified to be registered as voters for the purposes of parliamentary elections from each of at least ten regions of the United Republic which at least two regions should be in Tanzania Zanzibar being one region each from Zanzibar Pemba.

Party funding is another issue that is covered by the law.

functions of political parties

In this connection Sigmund Newman has commented that; "- - - A wise democratic government will certainly absorb the most popular ideas of the opposition and even incorporate them into its own program, much to the dismay of its political opponents.

Political parties are also not deemed to be parties if most of their members or of the executive committee are foreigners or the registered seat of the party is located outside the country.

importance of political parties in democracy

Similarly, although the number of MPs from non-English speaking background has slowly increased, there is still not a critical mass sufficient for its 'presence' to make itself felt on policies and agendas.

Such an atomised view of society, however, ignores the real need for governments and bureaucracies to deal with a single or a few organisations with respect to particular policy issues.

Types of political parties

For instance, and most importantly, what responsibilities does the winning party that becomes a ruling party assume? Structures, formula and institutions that can add value to the project and process of proper management and equitable distribution and re-distribution of resources for purposes of survival and self-preservation of the life of man. How does the need to win elections affect party structures? Thomas Hobbes elaborates on this social contractual surrender of power in the following manner:- "The agreement of these creatures is Natural that of men is by covenant only, which is Artificial: and therefore it is no wonder if there be somewhat else required besides covenant to make their agreement constant and lasting; which is a common power, to keep them in power , to direct their actions to the common benefit. Political parties are bottom-up structures, with lower levels often responsible for selecting delegates to higher-level offices or conventions. This has particular implications when seen in conjunction with the decline in a politics of mandates. While the county-level offices may be active in these local competitions, most of the coordination for them will take place in the state-level organizations. The only way to erect such a common power, as may be able to defend them from the invasion of foreigners, and the injuries of one another and thereby to secure them in such sort, as that by their own Industrie, and by the fruits of the earth, they may nourish themselves and live contentedly: their power and strength upon one man or upon one assembly of men, that may reduce all their wills, by plurality of voices, unto one will which is as well as to say, to appoint one man, or assembly of men, to bear person: and everyone to own and acknowledge himself to be author of whatsoever he that so beareth their person, shall act or cause to be acted, in those things which concern the common peace and safety, and therein to submit their wills, everyone to his will, and their judgments, to his judgment. His own views on the need for greater indigenous representation also illustrated this conflict. Article 21 provides in this regard as follows:- " 21 1 The parties shall help form the political will of the people. Section 3 a provides in this regard that; "The object and purpose of the review of the constitution is to secure provisions therein:- a guaranteeing peace, national unity and integrity of the Republic of Kenya in order to safeguard the well-being of the people of Kenya. James Madison sees the role of political parties as being:- "To refine and enlarge the public views, by passing them through the medium of a chosen body of citizens, whose wisdom may best discern the true interest of their country, and whose patriotism and love will be least likely to sacrifice it to temporary or partial considerations. Consequently, in any given elections there will quite often emerge a winning party that becomes a ruling party. The next section expands on each of these categories with particular reference to the groups and issues that are posing challenges to political representation. As was also noted, this is one of the reasons for the increased disenchantment with parties.

According to John Green of the Ray C. They must organize at each level at which elections take place in order to contest elections and develop candidates.

Role of political parties in democracy wiki

As one newspaper article with photographs of the 'peers' prominently displayed remarked Senate seat at the time, his address caught the attention of the Democratic establishment and ultimately led to his emergence as a viable presidential candidate just four years later. The conventions, and the organizations that run them, still contribute heavily to a wide range of key decisions in the life of both parties. I don't think I'm blokey at all. Different theories of democracy, for instance, often support alternative concepts of representation. America and the Limits of the Politics of Selfishness. Discussing political representation is also complicated because it links the governed with the government through various intermediary mechanisms such as different systems of democracy, different electoral systems, the machinations of political parties, bureaucracies, peak bodies and, in more recent times, social movements.
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