An analysis of the 1949 chinese revolution and the 1917 bolshevik revolution in russia
Causes of chinese revolution 1949 pdf
If a conflict breaks out between this new slave master and the slave masters at other plantations then perhaps this might reinforce the idea that something extraordinarily different and threatening to the old social order was happening. He was to apply these policies on a massive scale after coming to power. The Russian and Chinese Revolutions also compare in the fact that they both wanted to spread their communist ideals to other countries. After all, if a new slave master were to take control of a slave plantation and tell his slaves, "My ultimate goal is to free you and to create a new form of social arrangement in which you shall never be oppressed again," would the slaves believe him? For this reason public opinion the world over, including the entire imperialist press, no longer disputes the certainty of the country-wide victory of the Chinese People's War of Liberation. August , Stanford, California, reprint of the original document of on U. The yearning of educated Chinese for a reformed, united, China, free of foreign privilege, was clearly expressed in the May 4th Movement of The urban workers - about 2 million out of an estimated population of some million in - were mostly unskilled and also lived in dire poverty. In most cases, the surrounding countryside and small towns had come under the control of the PLA long before the cities. The bourgeois nationalist Chiang Kai-shek, who seized power in over the mangled bodies of the workers of Shanghai, had two decades to show what he could do.
The Russian and Chinese Revolutions also compare in the fact that they both wanted to spread their communist ideals to other countries. The CCP controlled 19 base areas with a population of about million and had an army of about half a million. Even the mainstay of the KMT, the merchants and civil servants, had become alienated from Chiang because of the terrible inflation that followed the end of the war with Japan.
This narrow nationalism was in complete contrast to the courageous spirit of proletarian internationalism of Lenin and Trotsky. The social structure of China was obsolete. At that time, the communists had to break out and move elsewhere to survive.
What is more, the CCP led the way to the third goal, which most Chinese reformers agreed should follow the first two: social-economic reform, especially the abolition of the feudal system in the countryside. Chinese Revolution The Chinese Revolution is second only to the Bolshevik Revolution of as the greatest event of the 20th century.
What was lacking was the subjective factor: the Bolshevik Party of Lenin and Trotsky. McCarthy had so much support among millions of Americans that President Truman and, for a certain time, President Eisenhower, did not dare oppose him, even in defense of the State Department's China experts, who were fired.
First of all, despite the time gap between the revolutions, they both occured at the end of the two world wars. Thus, it was in the period between spring and winterand with the active help of Voytinskii, that the Chinese Communist Party began to take shape.
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