Functions of police

In some countries, individuals serve jointly as police officers as well as firefighters creating the role of fire police.

What are the three functions of the police

However, no uniform worldwide system of policing ever emerged. Thus, it is critical that police be accountable for their policies and behaviour. Beverly Hills, Sage, vol. However, in many Anglo-Saxon countries—such as Australia , Canada , the United Kingdom, and the United States—there are at least twice as many private security agents as public police officers. Police are also trained to assist persons in distress, such as motorists whose car has broken down and people experiencing a medical emergency. In many countries, there is a common emergency service number that allows the police, firefighters, or medical services to be summoned to an emergency. Some park rangers are commissioned as law enforcement officers and carry out a law-enforcement role within national parks and other back-country wilderness and recreational areas, whereas Military police perform law enforcement functions within the military. History also helps to explain this diversity; e.

Governments empower police to compel individuals to comply with the law; they allow officers to stop, search, detain, cite, and arrest citizens and to use physical and sometimes deadly force. Numerous factors help to explain the diversity of police activities and systems. The desire for efficiency lends itself to the establishment of centralized police forces, which can take advantage of coordination and savings in training, organization, and service delivery.

police functions definition

Source: UGC 7. They comply with the laws because they consider them fair and because they believe that in the long run it is in their interest to observe them.

5 duties of a police officer

Countries in Africa, Asia , and South America are covered to a lesser extent, mainly because relatively little reliable information on their policing systems is available. Typical duties relate to keeping the peace, law enforcement, protection of people and property and the investigation of crimes. Police officers in nearly all countries retain their lawful powers while off duty. Note: Urban legend that cop is an acronym for "Constable On Patrol" is false. Qualifications may thus be relaxed or enhanced depending on the target mix of conscripts. The great exceptions to this model are the United Kingdom and the United States, which have long resisted police centralization. Decentralization brings the police closer to the community, and it often succeeds in tailoring policing to the specific needs of a community. However, no uniform worldwide system of policing ever emerged. In large societies people often deal with strangers whom they will never meet again, and in such circumstances there may be fewer informal rewards for honesty or fewer informal penalties for dishonesty. Macmillan, New York, Vol.

Those viewed as essential policing functions and how they should be performed are products of the theoretical context within which the police are viewed, their perceived political role, and the posited character of the police organization.

The term copper is originally used in Britain to mean "someone who captures". Decentralization brings the police closer to the community, and it often succeeds in tailoring policing to the specific needs of a community.

Importance of police

Trends in crime and criminal justice. Some park rangers are commissioned as law enforcement officers and carry out a law-enforcement role within national parks and other back-country wilderness and recreational areas, whereas Military police perform law enforcement functions within the military. Policing small communities Most people willingly obey most laws, whether a police officer is present or not. The officer has the right to see the documents, any possession or thing carried if he or she believes that the person might have stolen it or got in any illegal way. As populations grew and informal institutions of socialization and social control—such as the family, schools, and the church—decreased in effectiveness, police became increasingly necessary. However, police scholars have criticized this popular understanding of the word police—that it refers to members of a public organization having the legal competence to maintain order and enforce the law—for two reasons. How to cite Overview There is no accepted systematic theoretical paradigm within which policing is viewed. Such situations are characterized by two features: their potential for harm and the need to solve them urgently before they develop that potential.

Since the territory to cover may be very large and characterized by difficult terrain, police in such regions must have the long-range mobility and adaptability that are characteristic of military forces.

First, it defines police by their ends rather than by the specific means that they use to achieve their goals.

Function of police station

Third, official bodies are appointed to hear and act upon complaints from citizens against the police. Beverly Hills, Sage, vol. In democratic countries, accountability is ensured mainly by three means. In all societies this system of informal rewards and punishments is the most potent aid to law enforcement, but it is strongest in small communities. Such communities tend also to be more technologically advanced, which leads to the adoption of new laws, such as those regulating the licensing and operation of automobiles and those concerned with commerce conducted on the Internet see e-commerce. Dependent upon each agency, but generally after completing two years of service, officers may apply for specialist positions, such as detective , police dog handler, mounted police officer, motorcycle officer, water police officer, or firearms officer in countries where police are not routinely armed. The Gold Silver Bronze command structure is a system set up to improve communications between ground-based officers and the control room, typically, Bronze Commander would be a senior officer on the ground, coordinating the efforts in the center of the emergency, Silver Commanders would be positioned in an 'Incident Control Room' erected to improve better communications at the scene, and a Gold Commander who would be in the Control Room. Such duty is listed in The Act and has to be performed by policemen in Nigeria. Police officers in nearly all countries retain their lawful powers while off duty.

For instance, if criminals use firearms, the police are likely to be armed, or if criminals use computers to commit crimes, the police may establish a special unit dedicated to investigating cybercrimes. Rules and guidelines dictate how an officer should behave within the community, and in many contexts, restrictions are placed on what the uniformed officer wears.

In some countries, rules and procedures dictate that a police officer is obliged to intervene in a criminal incident, even if they are off-duty.

Functions of police
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Police officer