Historical influences of social psychology

Including social psychology within this discussion was a public recognition within American psychology that a more complete understanding of human interaction would be achieved by studying both personality and situational factors.

No matter if you are student, teacher, doctor, lawyer or entrepreneur, you will encounter some type of social influence. Subsequent cross-cultural research found that certain social beliefs and behaviors that were previously considered universal were, in actuality, specific to the socialization practices of individualist cultures.

history of social psychology pdf

Conformity is defined as the tendency to act or think like other members of a group. In addition to discovering the remarkable extent to which our behavior is influenced by our social situation, social psychologists have discovered that we often do not recognize how important the social situation is in determining behavior.

In the Stanford prison studyby Philip Zimbardoa simulated exercise between student prisoners and guards showed how far people would follow an adopted role.

Historical influences of social psychology

Any history of a field of study reflects particular values and tastes. In addition to discovering the remarkable extent to which our behavior is influenced by our social situation, social psychologists have discovered that we often do not recognize how important the social situation is in determining behavior.

Adaptive responses to social exclusion: Social rejection improves detection of real and fake smiles.

Importance of social psychology

By the study of social norms had developed, looking at how individuals behave according to the rules of society. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. The tendency to help the people we feel close to, even if they are not related to us, is probably due in part to our evolutionary past: the people we were closest to were usually those we were related to. The development of social knowledge: Morality and convention. These accounts also assign a critical role to the consequences of behavior, that is, positive or negative behavioral outcomes, unexpected as well as expected, that produce learning, which in turn changes expectations and shapes subsequent behavior. That is, they allocated more points on the set task to boys who they believed to be in the same group as themselves. Still other social psychologists, including Gordon Allport and Muzafir Sherif, focused on intergroup relations, with the goal of understanding and potentially reducing the occurrence of stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination.

And yet each human being is different from every other human being. These approaches to attitudes focused on the cognitive processes that people use when evaluating messages and on the relationship between attitudes and behavior.

According to this idea, the experience of jealousy leads men to protect their mates and guard against rivals, which increases their reproductive success Buss, What the other-concern motive means is that we do not always put ourselves first.

nature of social psychology

In addition to the people with whom we are currently interacting, we are influenced by people who are not physically present but who are nevertheless part of our thoughts and feelings.

Rated 6/10 based on 119 review
Download
Social Psychology