Organisational behaviour models
The threat generally used by the managers is that the reward or wages will be withheld if the workers do not obey them. In the modern day world, when the environmental factors are assuming a lot of importance, this model is not very useful.
There is no space for any control or authoritative power in this model or on the incentives or reward schemes but it is simply based on motivating staff through the establishment of the manager and employee relationship and the treatment that is given to employees on daily basis.
Watson evolved the theoretical model of the behaviouristic approach. Collegial model is corporation with the managerial orientation of team work.
Autocratic model of organizational behavior pdf
Leave the job as is, but pay the employees more. Since they are not able to display their feelings, they would vent these feelings on their family and neighbors. One of the ways of accomplishing QWL is through job design. Teams of learners with diverse backgrounds conduct field projects on complex organizational problems that require the use of skills learned in formal training sessions. One of the key aspects of the supportive model has been studies conducted at the Hawthorne Plant of Electric in the s and s. The employees depend upon the boss and are paid minimum wages for minimum performance. This model has been found to be effective in affluent countries where the workers are more concerned about their psychological needs like high self esteem, job satisfaction etc. The role of the manager is to foster this teamwork and create positive and energetic workplaces. Custodial is economic resources with a managerial orientation of money. The autocratic model is also a detractor to job satisfaction and employee morale. Also, the social system does not have boundaries The bosses have absolute power to hire fire and perspire employees.
But it has limited application in India, where the majority of the workers are below the poverty line. While the managerial behaviour, in the autocratic model is based on the assumptions of theory X; the participative model is based on the assumptions of theory Y.
In terms of the evolution of OB thought these models are autocratic, custodial, supportive and collegial. A discipline is an accepted science that is based upon theoretical foundation, whereas OB is an inter-disciplinary approach where knowledge from different disciplines like psychology, sociology, anthropology, etc.
Within an organization, the social system includes all the people in it and their relationships to each other and to the outside world. We will throw some light on each of these four models. This type of autocratic management system was common in factories in the industrial revolution era.
5 models of organizational behavior pdf
Often, employees work in the authority model because they have to provide maintenance for themselves and their families. The employee need that is met is security. A supportive manager helps employees solve problems and complete their work. In the s, these welfare programs evolved in many fringe benefits to provide security to the employees which resulted in the development of the Custodial model of organizational behavior. Custodial Model Now the time came when managers began to think the security of the employees is imperative- it could be either social as well economic security. There is no space for any control or authoritative power in this model or on the incentives or reward schemes but it is simply based on motivating staff through the establishment of the manager and employee relationship and the treatment that is given to employees on daily basis. This model is adapted by firms having high resources as the name suggest.
The employee requirement that is met is security. The performance result is awakened drives. All these elements combine to build the model or framework that the organization operates from.
Models of organisational behaviour pdf
A successful custodial approach depends on providing economic security which many companies are now offering as high pay scale, remunerations in the form of health benefits , corporate cars, financial packaging and many other forms of incentives. One of the key aspects of the supportive model has been studies conducted at the Hawthorne Plant of Electric in the s and s. Results oriented approach-Outcomes of organizational behaviour programs are assessed in terms of their effectiveness. This can become quite a balancing act. Systems Orientation: All parts of the organization, to include structure, technology, and people, must work together. J Roethlisberger to implore on the human behavior at work by implementing and placing keen insight on the sociological, psychological perspective in the industrial setup. A discipline is an accepted science that is based upon theoretical foundation, whereas OB is an inter-disciplinary approach where knowledge from different disciplines like psychology, sociology, anthropology, etc. The employee requirement that is met is security. Top 5 Models of Organizational Behavior — Explained! Also, the social system does not have boundaries Autocratic model is power with a managerial orientation of authority. Autocratic model and micromanagement results in low employee morale, poor decision-making and high turnover. But overall this step had been a stepping stone for the creation and development of the next step. However, for normal everyday use, our brain prefers to run off its hard-drive—the basal ganglia, which has a much larger storage area and stores memories and our habits.
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